Do you know that every year, approximately seven million people around the world die from heart attacks? That is so so sad 🙁 and my thoughts go out to each and every person affected.

Cardiovascular disease, which causes heart attacks and other problems like strokes, is the world's leading killer.

In Australia, 27% of deaths is caused by cardiovascular diseases. Every day, 21 Australians die from heart attack. One patient is admitted to hospital due to heart attack every 9 minutes.

So what causes a heart attack? Let us examine the leading causes and treatments of this deadly disease.

What causes a heart attack?

The most common cause of a heart attack is coronary heart disease. This occurs when the coronary artery, which supplies blood to your heart, narrows because of a build-up of plaque. Plaque is made of fat, cholesterol and other materials. The narrowed artery causes a reduced amount of blood flow to your heart muscle.

During a heart attack, plaque from the artery wall breaks away (ruptures) and can form a clot. This can block the flow of blood through the artery and cause damage to the heart muscle.

What are the symptoms of a heart attack?

The most common symptoms of a heart attack include:

  • chest pain (angina) — pressure or tightness in the chest and arms that may spread to the jaw, neck or back
  • suddenly feeling dizzy, faint, light-headed or anxious
  • nausea or vomiting
  • indigestion or heartburn
  • sweating, or a cold sweat
  • shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

How is a heart attack treated? 

A heart attack requires emergency treatment to restore blood flow to your heart. The faster this happens, the less the heart muscle is damaged. Heart attack treatments may involve medications or surgery.

Taking care of our heart is more important than ever today. Research so far suggests that COVID-19 mostly affects the lungs, but it can also affect the heart and worsen existing conditions. Making positive lifestyle changes is the best way to lower your risk of a heart attack.

In the workplace, your Human Resources team can also help to make a difference.

1. By simply copying this article and posting it onto their respective company employee portal, eg Workplace

2. By asking their company Health Insurer, Superannuation Fund, Employee Assistance Program (EAP) provider or Benefits Broker to facilitate regular webinars and information feeds to employees.

In some instances, these Employee Benefit Providers can fund or at the very least contribute towards the cost of Healthy Heart Assessments in the workplace. After all it is in their interest as well, not to mention foster a closer relationship with your firm and employees.

If you would like to chat about how your firm (in Australia) could program this into their Employee Benefits calendar, simply book a time with me.

Here's to a happy, healthy heart from the team at Anista Employee Benefits! 🙂